November Gardening Tips
By November, the garden has completely changed: leaves are falling rapidly, and wind and rain are on the increase. Move tender plants into the greenhouse, or into a sheltered spot, but if you can’t, it is worth wrapping plants or pots. Remember winter can be a tough time for birds in terms of water and food, so keep supplies well topped up.
Plant spring flowering bulbs such as Crocus, Hyacinth, Lily of the Valley, Daffodils, Tulips, Alliums & Anemone in containers or directly into your borders to bring your garden to life after the dull winter days.
Lily bulbs can still be planted in pots this month. They can either be brought inside next spring to ‘force’ them into an early display, or left outside to flower naturally in summer.
Plant wallflowers, forget-me-nots, Bellis, Primula, winter pansies and other spring bedding plants, planting them into well-prepared ground, or pots.
Rake any leaves that have fallen from the trees. Add them to your compost or place in separate bins to make your leaf mould which is an excellent soil improver.
Raise containers onto pot feet to prevent waterlogging.
Ornamental grasses and bamboos can be cut back and tidied up at this time of year.
Check tree stakes and ties are secure and will withstand the winter weather; ensure that ties are not strangling trunks or branches – they may need loosening.
Ensure that tender plants that are not frost-hardy have been moved inside. If they are in pots, cover with straw or horticultural fleece for protection.
Remove stakes and other supports as final late-flowering herbaceous plants die down for the winter.
Plant bare-root fruit trees, soft fruit bushes and strawberry runners.
Clear vegetable plants that have finished cropping, add them to your compost heap. This helps to avoid a build up of pests and diseases in the ground.
If barley straw bales or pads were used to reduce algae in your pond during the summer months, these can now be removed and added to the compost heap. Let them sit by the edge of the pond for 24 hours before composting, so that pond insects can find their way back into the water.
Ensure all standpipes and irrigation lines are drained, to avoid damage caused by water freezing inside them.